Kumauni or Kumaoni (Devanagari: कुमाऊँनी) are people from Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, India. In colloquial language, people of Kumaon are also referred to as “Pahari”. Kumaon is addressed to person having origin in Kumaon region. The word Kumain is a direct derivative of Kumaoni. They include all those who speak the Kumaoni language or any of its numerous dialects, living in the Almora, Bageshwar, Champawat, Pithoragarh, Nainital, Dehradun, Udham Singh Nagar, districts of Uttarakhand, India and Doti, Khaptad, Bajang region of Nepal. The Kumaon Regiment, established at Ranikhet in 1917, still gets its recruits from the Kumaonis of the Kumaon division and the Ahir from the plains. There were widespread opposition to British rule in various parts of Kumaon. The Kumauni people, especially the Champawat District, rose in rebellion against the British during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 under the leadership of Kalu Singh Mahara.